A chimney breast will be the brickwork which encases the chimney because it rises through a home. Usually the Chimney breast is in the property and uses up space within bedrooms.
With semi-detached and also terrace properties, Chimney breasts are often developed “back to back” between individual qualities where this is thus 4 fireplaces inside the property will appear since 2 rows of 4 chimney pots around the chimney stack which is to be shared by next to properties.
Chimney Breasts are often eliminated by property owners whenever fires are no longer utilized to give increase living area. Older properties had been built with fireplaces in most room with contemporary central heating. Chimney breasts are often untouched and considered as lost floor space.
The key problem is that a Chimney breast forms area of the structure of a residence and carefully regarded needs to be taken prior to starting work to remove that. Unless the whole Chimney from the fireplace for the roof stack will likely be removed, suitable help beams will need to end up being incorporated to support virtually any Chimney above in order to avoid structural distress or perhaps damage or even the fall of the building.
Attention needs to be used in which the chimney breasts is actually on a party walls with a neighbouring house or where the masonry breast of an top floor is going to be eliminated while leaving a functional fire in the room beneath, in the later situation where partial elimination is possible but an inferior chimney breast for your fire below should be left in place. Every chimney breast continues to be removed, there will be the necessity to make good the ground where the chimney breasts once was.
How should one approach removing a Chimney Breast ?
The expertise of a structural professional are almost necessary to ensure the secure removal of a masonry breast, this will include the engineer within coming up with a method of function, establishing if any kind of support are required and when so , specifying all of them. The method of function and all designs will have to be submitted towards the local building manage office for authorization prior to any function commencing. where the masonry breast is on the party wall, the actual Party Wall Take action also comes into play as well as your neighbour will also have to involved and accept before work begins.
Once engineer suggestion has been approved, all of the checking should be carried out towards the approved designs and also the local building manage officer invited to examine the work carried out. House Control Office will certainly upon satisfactory finishing the work issue the completion certificate ought to be kept with the deeds/Land Registry documents for your property so that it can be obtained for any re-mortgage or even sale.
The Rules and Regulations to follow
There are 5 main requirement to consider before carrying out the work.
Planning Permission : Except if the property is listed or stuck in a job Conservation Area, Organizing Approval is less likely to be required, yet it’s always worth inquiring the question.
Building Regulations compliance to ensure: Structural strength, Fire Safety, Sound insulation, Maintenance of any neighbour’s chimney, Damp prevention, Ventilation to rooms.
Party Wall implications under the Party Wall Act : In England and Wales, whenever removing a Chimney breast from a Party wall, the created consent of the proprietors of the neighbouring house must be obtained Property owners Licence, if a leasehold property prior to work is started( The Party Walls Act – It can worth taking the guidance of a surveyor with life experience of this Act).
The safety of any gas appliance that uses a party walls flue in neighbours or own property: Représentation a Gas Secure Engineer and get something in written. When the chimney stack is usually to be removed to under the roof, the roof wood will need to be prolonged to fill the actual gap, and complementing roof covering utilized to fill the difference.
When the chimney stack is usually to be left in place in support of part of the chimney breasts below is to be eliminated, the brickwork over must be supported having a Rolled Steel Joist (RSJ) or some other suitable support. What is going to be required will depend on the size of masonry over and the adjoining wall space which will need to endure the load.
In case any unused Chimney breast is retained, it’ll need to be ventilated in both the top as well as bottom. Any dampness in an unventilated walls or chimney will certainly interact with the soot remaining in the utilized chimney and can trigger staining.